THE ROYAL PALACE & SILVER PAGODA
The Royal Palace is a complex of buildings which serves as the royal residence of the King of Cambodia. The Kings have occupied it since it was built in 1860’s, with a period of absence when the country came into turmoil during and after the reign of the Khmer Rouge.
The palace was constructed after King Norodom relocated the royal capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh in the mid-19th century. It was gradually built atop an old citadel called Banteay Kev. It faces towards the East and is situated at the Western bank of the cross division of the Tonle Sap River and the Mekong River called Chak-tomuk (an allusion to Brahma).Except for the area of the actual Royal residence, most of the Palace grounds and Silver Pagoda are open to the public.
Enter from the gate on Sothearos Blvd about 100 meters north of Street 240.
The National Museum in Phnom Penh is Cambodia’s largest museum of cultural history and is the country’s leading historical and archaeological museum.
The museum houses the largest collection of Khmer art, including sculptural, ceramics, bronzes, and ethnographic objects. The Museum’s collection includes over 14,000 items, from prehistoric times to periods before, during, and after the Khmer Empire, which at its height stretched from Thailand, across present-day Cambodia, to southern Vietnam.
Together with the adjacent Royal University of Fine Arts and its Department of Archaeology, the National Museum of Cambodia works to enhance knowledge of and preserve Cambodian cultural traditions and to provide a source of pride and identity to the Cambodian people.
Another thing to do includes to see the traditional performances at the museum.
The National Museum of Cambodia is located in central Phnom Penh, at the corner of Streets 13 and 178.
Wat Phnom is a Buddhist temple built in 1373 standing 27 metres above the ground making it the tallest religious structure in the city.
Legend relates that a wealthy widow called Penh (commonly referred to as Daun Penh – Grandmother Penh – in Khmer) found a large koki tree in the river. Inside the tree she found four bronze statues of the Buddha. Penh constructed a small shrine on an artificial hill made by the people living in the village to protect the sacred statues.
The sanctuary itself was rebuilt several times in the 19th century and again in 1926. The interior has a central altar complex with a large bronze seated Buddha surrounded by other statues and items of devotion and worship. The walls are covered with murals depicting Jataka stories of the Buddha’s earlier reincarnations before his enlightenment or the Reamker, the Khmer version of the Ramayana.
At the southwest corner of the vihear and stupa, is a small shrine dedicated to Lady Penh crowded with the faithful bringing their prayers and food offerings to the woman deemed responsible for the founding of the wat.
THE RUSSIAN MARKET
The Russian Market is very busy and full of life, as well as being able to buy thousands of things and gifts for your friends and family you’ll have a marvelous experience looking around. There are many stalls selling Cambodian kramas and other fun souvenirs.
THE CENTRAL MARKET
The Central Market is a large market constructed in 1937 in the shape of a dome with four arms branching out into vast hallways with countless stalls of goods. Initial design and layouts are from French architect Louis Chauchon.
The unique Art Deco building is a Phnom Penh landmark and when it first opened in 1937, it was said to be the biggest market in Asia.
The four wings of this gigantic yellow dome are teeming with stalls that sell goods ranging from gold and silver, antique coins, money exchange, men’s and women’s apparel, clocks, books, flowers, food, fabrics, shoes, souvenirs, fish, seafood, dessert, luggage, and countless other products.